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A/c Account
A/M Airmail
Abdnt Abandonment
ABS Australian Bureau of Statistics
AC Alternating Current
ACA Air Cargo Automation
Acc. Acceptance
Acceptor The party accepting a bill of exchange
ACCI Australian Chamber of commerce and Industry
Acct. Account
ACII Associate of the chartered Insurance Institute
ACOS Australian Chamber of Shipping
ACS Australian Customs Service
Ad. Val Ad valorem – according to value
Add. Addressed
AFIF Australian Federation of International Forwarders
AHECC Australian Harmonised Export Classification Code
AMSA Australian Maritime Safety Authority
Amt. Amount
APEC Asian Pacific Economic Corporation
APSC Australian Port Service Charge
AQIS Australian Quarantine Inspection Service
ATO Australian Taxation Office
Award: The decision given by an arbitrator, to whom a matter in dispute has been referred, an arbitrator states only the effect of his decision, without reasons – thus differing from a judge, who usually stated the grounds of his judgement.
b.m. Board measure (timber)
B/L Bill of Lading
B/S Bill of Sale
B/s Bags, Bales
B/St. Bill of Sight
BAF Bunker Adjustment Factor
Bankers’ Indemnity or Guarantee:

A form which may be required in the following circumstances: 

  1. By a shipowner to be completed by the consignee and countersigned by the consignee’s bank, when release for goods is required without production of the Bill of Lading (e.g. if the B/L has been lost).
  2. When a clean B/L is called for on the Documentary Credit and the shipowner, for various reasons, wished to clause the B/L. 
  3. By the Chamber of Commerce and Industry when issuing an ATA Carnet for goods to be temporarily exported from Australia. 
Basic Service Charges (BSC): Amount arrived at by the multiplication of freight in tonnes, but the Basic Service Rate (BSR)
Basic Service Rate (BSR): Costs of ocean liner freight, wharfage and other port charges (at both port of departure and port of entry)
Beaufort Scale: A windscale and sea disturbance table by which mariners grade the force of wind and height of waves, thus communicating the general condition of the sea to others by the use of a wind force number.
Bill of Exchange: An unconditional order in writing, addressed by one person or firm to another, signed by the person giving it, requiring the person to whom it was addressed to pay on demand a certain sum to or to the order of a specified person or to a bearer.
Bill of Lading: A document that is evidence of title to the goods described on it, and is contract between shipper and shipowner. Issued by the carrier of the goods and acknowledges receipt for cargo received on board.
Bls. Bales, Barrels
Bonded Goods: Imported goods deposited in a Government warehouse until duty is paid.
Break Bulk Cargo: An assembled variety of shipments in a vessel, or one hold of a vessel, to be sorted (disseminated) after discharge, the opposite to bulk cargo where one shipment occupies the hold, or the ship alone.
Broker: An agent employed (at a customary or agreed rate of commission or remuneration) to buy or sell goods, merchandise or marketable securities. Or to negotiate insurance, freight rates or other matters, for a principle; the sales of transactions being negotiated not in his own name but in that of the principal.
BSRA Basic Service Rate Additional
BThU British Thermal Unit
  1. Front wall of container. 
  2. Vertical separation between the holds of a ship (now extended to cover all vertical panels). 
Bunker Adjustment Factor (BAF): Surcharge, either as an addition or subtraction from the total freight rate, according to variation in the cost of ship fuel oil.
C&D Collected and delivered
C.T.O.: Container Terminal Operator. 
C/- Case
C/D Commercial Dock, Consular Declaration
C/V Certificate of Value
C/VO Certificate of Value and origin
Cabotage: Coastal navigation, also used for reservation of transport within a country to its own shipping.
CAD Cash against documents
CAF Currency adjustment factor
Canc. Cancelled
Carnet: A temporary exportation/importation customs cleared document issued by Chambers of Commerce.
Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1991: Act of Commonwealth parliament which came into force in 1991, repealing the Sea Carriage of Goods Act 1924 and given force to the Hague Rules as amended by the Visby and SDR (Special Drawing Rights) Protocols for export of goods by sea from Australia. The Act also makes provision for entry into force of the Hamburg Rules of a date to be proclaimed
Carrier’s Lien: The right to retain possession of goods pending payment of overdue freight charges.
Cash against documents (D/P): Full shipping documents are sent to a bank or an agent at the port of destination with instruction that they are to be handed over to the consignee only in exchange for the sum due.
CB Cash Book
CBM Cubic Measurement
cc Cubic Centimetre(s)
CCY Convertible currency
CDV Current domestic value
Cellular Vessel: Ship specialised for container transport, the holds have vertical guides into which containers are lowered to form secure stacks restrained at all four corners.
CER Australia-New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement (ANZCERTA)
Certificate of Origin (CO): A document to prove the place of growth, production or manufacture of goods specified thereon.
Cf Carried forward, Cubic feet
CFR Cost and freight
CFRC Cost, freight and commission
CFS Container Freight Station
cft. Cubic feet
Charter-party: An agreement wherein the shipowner hires his vessel to the charterer subject to certain conditions.
Chq. Cheque
CIF Cost, insurance and freight 
Clause Paramount: Clause in Bill of Lading stating that the Hague Rules are amended by the Visby/SDR Protocol apply to the contract of affreightment as per the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1991.
Clean Bill of Lading: One in which there is nothing to qualify the admission that the goods are shipped in good order and condition.
Clip-on-Unit (COU): A separate refrigeration unit which can be clipped on that an insulated container.
cm Centimetre(s)
cm2 Square centimetre(s)
cm3 Cubic centimetre(s)
CMR Customs Management Re Engineering
COD Cash On Delivery
Combined Transport: Means the carriage of goods by at least two different modes of transport, from a place at which the goods are taken in charge situated in one country to a place designated for delivery situated in a different country.
Comite Maritime International (CMI): The international agency of national maritime law associations, authors of the Hague Rules
Commercial Bills: A document which provides details of the contract of sale between buyer and seller.
Common Carrier: One who carries any type of goods, other than a carrier of special goods.
Completely Knocked Down (CKD): i.e. Cargo completely unassembled and packed into cases. Part knocked down (PKD) i.e. cargo partly assembled and packed into cases.
Conference Ship: A ship operated by a signatory to a shipping conference agreement.
Consignee: A party or person to whom the goods are to be delivered.
Consignor The party or person that presents the goods to be shipped
Consolidator: A transport contractor, carrier, or forwarder who undertakes the transportation of small shipments (see LCL) in groupage. The consolidator assembles such LCL shipments in a container which will be stripped by his receiving agent in the destination ares.
Consular Invoice: An invoice, prepared on a special form and legalised by the Consul of the importing country, usually required by the Customs of that country to confirm details and origin.
Container Freight Station (CFS): Other names: consolidation depot; depot; – where LCL cargo is packed or unpacked in/from consolidation containers, Then made available.
Container Ship: Vessel specially fitted out for carrying containers. The hold consists of wells into which the containers can be lowered and stacked in up to eight layers. Containers may be stowed on deck up to four high on top of any one hatch.
Container Tanks: Specially constructed cylindrical container for the carriage of bulk liquids, powders or gases, being supported within a frame 8ft x 8ft lattice construction and in lengths 20, 30 and 40 ft with corner castings and normally fitted with a bottom pick-up device.( also 
Container Terminal: Area where large-scale container handling parking and storage facilities are available and used for transfer of containers between at least two different transport media (rail, road, sea, barge, air)
Container Vessels: Ship designed to carry ISO (International Standards Organisation) containers, in vertical cells within the holds. The container vessel is designed for maximum speed and efficiency, with a minimum of labour necessary for loading and unloading.
Conventional Berth: Berth suitable for conventional ships, either employing the ship’s own derricks or supplementing with shore-based equipment.
Conventional Vessel: Ship designed with its own on-board derricks for the loading of goods into the holds.
Cube out: When the volumetric capacity of the container has been reached in advance of the permitted weight limit.
Cum. With, Cumulative
Currency Adjustment Factor (CAF): A charge levied by the ‘Ocean Carrier’ over and above the ocean freight rate to cater for fluctuation over a period in the actual currency exchange rates as compared to those exchange rates set by the conferences as applying to various sailings.
Current Domestic Value (CV): Price at which the supplier is prepared to supply to any purchaser for home consumption in the country of export and at the date of export, similar goods in the usual wholesale quantities.
CW Commercial weight
CY Container Yard
d.w. Dead Weight
D/A Deposit account, Days after acceptance
D/N Debit note
D/O Delivery Order
D/P Documents against payment
D/R Deposit Receipt
DAA Documents against acceptance
DAF Delivered at Frontier
DC Direct Current
DDP Delivered Duty Paid
DDU Delivered Duty Unpaid
Ded. Deductible
Demurrage: The sum agreed by charter to be paid as damage for delay beyond the stipulated time for loading or discharging. It should be collected daily by the master or agent.

Storage building where goods are stored and where containers are packed, or unpacked, before: 

  1. Containers are transported to shipping terminals
  2. Goods from contaienrs are transported to importer’s warehouse.
DEQ Delivered ex Quay
DES Delivered ex Ship
Detention: Where demurrage is paid for an agreed number of days, any further delay is termed “detention”.
Devanning: Removal of contents from a container (sometimes called stripping or discharging).
DFAT Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
Dft. Draft
DIS Delivered into store
Dis. Discount
Disbts. Disbursements
Documentary Credit A conditional guarantee of payment issued by a bank
Documents of Title: Documents produced by a consignee as evidence of right to take delivery of goods (e.g. Bill of Lading and Export invoices).
Door-to-Door: Through transport of containers from consignor to consignee without any discharging or reloading of goods, except possibly at Customs control.
DPIE Department of Primary Industries
DPV Duty paid value
Dr. Debit, Debtor, Drawer
Drafts: Bank draft or Bill of Exchange. See Bill of Exchange
Drawback: A repayment of duty on the exportation of goods previously imported.
Drb Drawback
DWT Deadweight tonne
E & OE Errors and omissions excepted
e.g. Exempli gratia (for example)
ECN Export Clearance Number
ECU European Currency Unit
EDI Electronic Data Interchange
EDI/EDIFACT Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transport
EEC European Economic Community
EFIC Export Finance and Insurance Corporation
EFT Electronic Funds Transfer
EFTA European Free Trade Association
EL Employer’s liability
EMDG Export Marketing Development Grant Scheme (Austrade)
EOQ Economic ordering quantity
EPI Earned premium income
ESCAP Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
Est. Estimated
ETA Estimated time of arrival
ETD Estimated time of departure
EU European Union
EUR EURO (European Currency)
EURATOM European Atomic Energy Community
Ex. Excluding (chartering), Out of, Without, Examined, Exchange, Executed
Exd. Examined
EXW Ex Works – the price at which the supplier will supply ex his works. It does not include any cartage or delivery.
F & D Freight and demurrage
F/R Freight release
FAC Federal Airports Corporation
Fac Facultative
FAK Freight all Kinds
FAO Food and Agriculture Organisation (U.N.)
FAS Free alongside ship
FCA Free carrier
FCL Full container load
FCL: The load in a container if the shipper was assured of a separate container exclusively for his cargo.
  A shipper packed container. 
FCV Full contract value
Feeder Ship: Vessel used in short sea trade to serve ports at which deep-sea container ships do not call.
FEU Forty foot Equivalent Unit (shipping container)
FIATA International Federation of Freight Forwarders Association
FIS Free into store
Flash Point: The temperature at which a liquid produces enough vapour to form an inflammable mixture with air.
Flotsam: Cargo cast or lost overboard and recoverable by reason of its remaining afloat.
FOB Free on board
FOC Free of charge
FOQ Free on quey
FOR Free on rail
Forty-foot Unit: ISO container 40 ft. long by 8ft. by 8ft. 6-in (about 6m long by 2.4m by 2.5m).
Forward Exchange Contract: A contract between a bank and a customer under which the bank agrees to set the exchange rate now to purchase from or sell to the customer a fixed amount in a foreign currency at a future date.
Forwarding Agent: Agent who handles all shipping matters for the Importer / Exporter.
FOS Free on steamer
FOT Free on truck
Freight Container: Article of transport equipment of a permanent character designed to facilitate the carriage of goods by one or more means of transport without intermediate rehandling of the goods themselves. 
Freight Forwarder: A person or company charged, by the shipper, with the responsibility of arranging shipment of goods overseas.
Freight of all Kinds (FAK): Denoted container loads, packed by the shipping company, with several or more smaller consignments. Such a container will contain at least three different consignments and at least five different items, with no one item exceeding 6000 kilos.
Freight Rate: The charge for transporting goods.
Frt. Freight
Fth. Fathom
Full Container Load (FCL): A container, generally shipped under a bill of lading, which is packed by the shipper and unpacked by the consignee. Basically, this is just a container (not necessarily full) which is not being shared by more than one shipper.
Fwd Forward
g Grams
G/A. General average
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GBL Government Bill of Lading
GCR General cargo rates
GDP Gross Domestic Product
Gen General
General Average Fund: The total arrived at by adding together general average expenditure and the value of property sacrificed in a general average act, plus costs of its adjustments.
General Average: A legal principle which traces its origins in ancient maritime law, general average is still part of the admiralty law of most countries. General average requires three elements which are clearly stated by Mr. Justice Grier in Barnard v. Adams: “Ist. A common danger: a danger in which vessel, cargo and crew all participate; a danger imminent and apparently ‘inevitable,’ except by voluntarily incurring the loss of a portion of the whole to save the remainder. “2nd. There must be a voluntary jettison, jactus, or casting away, of some portion of the joint concern for the purpose of avoiding this imminent peril, periculi imminentis evitandi causa, or, in other words, a transfer of the peril from the whole to a particular portion of the whole. “3rd. This attempt to avoid the imminent common peril must be successful” 
GMT Greenwich Mean Time
Godown: Asian countries terminology for warehouse.
Gr. Grain, Gross
Gr.t Gross ton
Gross Tonnage: This is the volume of the interior of the vessel including all spaces which are permanently closed in (but excluding the double bottom), expressed in tons of cubic fee.
Gross Weight: Total weight of goods and packing.
GRT Gross Register Tonnage
GST Goods and Services Tax
Guar. Guaranteed
HAWB House air waybill (issued by freight forwarder covering the individual shipment within a consolidation)
Hbr. Harbour
HC High Cubic 
HCE Home consumption Entry (Nature 10) Customs entry fro entering goods to be taken into home consumption
HCV Home consumption value
Heavy Lift:

Cargo comprising especially heavy pieces which may require: 

  1. Special car in loading and unloading 
  2. Special equipment for handling 
  3. Special care and attention during transit.
HGV Heavy Goods Vehicle
Hhd. Hogshead
House Air Waybill: A special air waybill used for consolidated air freight shipments.
HP Horse power
HPN Horse power nominal
HW High Water
HWD Heavy weather damage
HWM High water mark
Hz Hertz
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
IAN Import Advise Note
IATA International Air Transport Association
IB Invoice Book, In bond
IC & C Invoice cost and charges
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organisation
ICC International Chamber of Commerce
ICI Imperial Chemical Industries
ICS Institute of Chartered Shipbrokers
ICSU International Council of Scientific Unions
IDA International Development Association
IDC Irrevocable Documentary Credit
IFC Institute Freight Clauses, International Finance Corporation
IHP Indicated horse-power
ILO International Labour Organisation
IMCO Int. Maritime Codes Organisation
IMCO Inter-Government Maritime Consultative Organisation
IMF International Monetary fund
IMIF International Maritime Industry Forum
Incoterms: A set of rules formulated by the International Chamber of Commerce for the interpretation of responsibilities of each party involved in international trade shipments
Indemnity: Liability of an insurer for loss under a policy.
Indent: Instructions for certain goods to be purchased and dispatched, given by an overseas buyer to a confirming house, agent or merchant.
INN International Nonproprietary Name
Int. Interest
Integral Unit: Refrigeration unit, which is built into the reefer (refrigerated container)
Invoice: A document setting out in detail the goods consigned, marks and number, cost, any charges, and name of consignee.,
IR Infra-red
ISO International Standards Organisation
ITC International Trade Commission
ITU International Telecommunications Union
IUPAC International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
J/A Joint Account
Jetsam: Cargo or goods, which sank when, jettisoned. The term applies also to such goods when washed ashore.
Jett. Jettison
Jettison: The act of throwing cargo and stores overboard in order to save a vessel in peril.
KD Knocked down
KDC Knocked down condition
Kg Kilogram
KHz. Kilohertz
Km Kilometre(s)
Knocked Down Condition: Complete goods dismantled for transit
kW Kilowatt(s)
L Litres
L.d.d. Loss during discharge
L/A Letter of authority, Landing Account, Lloyd’s Agent
L/C Letter of credit
Landed Price: Includes the CIF price, plus the cost of unloading, storage (if necessary); customs duty and any other costs involved in clearing goods for entry into the customer’s country. Equivalent to the DDP price (Delivered Duty Paid – 1990 Incoterms)
Lat. Latitude
lb One pound (in weight)
LCL Less container load
Ldg. Loading
Less-than-container-load (LCL): The combining of several consignments, which were too small to fill a container, into one container. There may be several consignees each with a separate bill of lading.
Letter of Credit: A document authorising payment to the person named, subject to fulfilment of certain specified conditions, on the part of the person authorised to receive the money (e.g. evidence that goods have been shipped). Also known as Documentary Credit.
LI Letter of indemnity
Liab. Liability
Lien: A legal right over goods, to hold them until the claim against the owner has been settled.
LIS Landed Into Store
Lloyd’s Register of Shipping: An independent non-profit making Society, controlled by the various sectors of the shipping industries. 
LNG Liquefied Natural Gas carrier
LO/LO Lift on/Lift off
Long. Longitude
M2 Square Metre(s)
M3 Cubic Metre(s)
Manifest: Documents containing the passenger list and details of all stores and cargo on board the vessel.
Mate’s Receipt: A receipt signed by the mate to say the cargo has been received on board in good order and condition.
MAWB Master air waybill (issued by the airline covering a consolidation of cargo)
Max maximum
mg Milligram(s)
Min Minimum
Min wt Minimum weight
MIP Marine Insurance Policy
MR Mate’s receipt
Mst or msmt Measurements
MT Metric tonne 2204.6lbs
MTO Multimodal Transport Operator
N Newton
N/A No advice, Not applicable
N/F No funds
N/t Net terms
N10 Customs Entry for Home Consumption
N20 Customs Entry for Warehousing goods into a Customs controlled bond
N30 Ex Warehouse Customs Entry, clearing bonded goods for Home Consumption
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement
NCV No commercial value
NCV No customs value
Nei Not elsewhere included
Nes Not elsewhere specified
Nesting: Packing hollow-ware cargo (e.g. earthernware bowls) so that one item nests within each item and avoid damage.
Net wt Nett weight
No. Number
Nosi Not Otherwise Specified or Included
NVD No value declared
NVOCC Non vessel owning common carrier
O/S On sample, Out of stock, On sale or return
On Consignment: Goods shipped with payment made to the shipper as the goods are sold at destination. The shipper retains ownership.
OPEC Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries
Open Top Container: Van size container with soft roof (tarpaulin) or detachable hard roof, for vertical loading of cargo.
OR  Owner risk, Original rate
Out Turn: The quantity of cargo discharged from a ship
Oz. Ounce
P&L Profit and Loss
p.o.c. Port of call
p.t. Time
P/C Price current, Petty cash, Per cent, Particular changes, profit commission
P/N Promissory note
Pac Pacific coast ports
PAN Premium advice note
Panamax: Vessels capable of transiting the Panama Canal.
Pd Passed, Paid
Perfecting the Sight: Adding necessary details to a Bill of Lading when such has been preciously omitted.
PI Personal injury
Pilf Pilferage
Pkg Package
PL Public liability
Plimsoll Mark: The loading mark on the side of a vessel.
Pm. Premium
POD Pay on delivery, Proof of Delivery
Power of Attorney: A document which empowers one person to act for another
PP Parcel post
Ppd. Prepaid
Ppt Prompt loading
Pro-forma Invoice: A specimen invoice – often requested by the buyer for the purpose of applying for an import licence or foreign-exchange allocation before contract of sale is concluded
Promissory Note: A note promising to pay a certain person a stated sum on a specified date.
PST Pacific Standard
Qlty Quality
Qn. Quotation
Qty Quantity
R/I Reinsurance
Received Bill: A Bill of Lading marked to indicate that goods have been received for shipment, but does not indicate that they have been shipped in fact.
Reefer: A container specially constructed to carry refrigerated cargo.
Res Residue
Roll-on, Roll-off (RO-RO) Facility: Berth which allows for handling RO-RO vessels.
Ro-ro Roll-on/Roll off
RO-RO Vessel: Ship constructed to allow cargo to be driven directly on board with trucks, forklifts and other equipment.
S & FA Shipping and Forwarding Agent
S to S Station to Station
S.d. Short delivery
S/A Subject to approval., Safe arrival
S/Fee Survey Fee
S/N Shipping Note
SA Salvage Association
SAA Standards Association of Australia
Sale of Goods Act: An Act of 1893 which codified the law relating to the sale of goods in relation to formation, effect and performance of the contract, rights of seller and breach of contract.
SB Short Bill
Sbs Survey before shipment
SCA Sea Cargo Automation
SCOR Scientific Commission on Oceanic Research
SCR Specific commission rates
SGS Sociente General de Surveillance
Ship’s Liability: Starts when the cargo is on the inboard of the ship’s rails. It terminates as soon as cargo is over the ship’s rain on discharge. If cargo is damaged in transit from wharf to the ship’s rail or vice versa, the ship will normally refuse liability.
Shipped on Board Bill of Lading: A ‘Shipped’ Bill of Lading is one which acknowledges that goods mentioned have been placed on board, in distinction to the Bill of Lading which merely acknowledges receipt of the goods by the carrier.
Shipper Agent: Company, retained by the shipowner, or the shipping company, to deal with the exporter, freight forwarder, customs broker or importer. The shipping agent handles the administration and marketing functions on behalf of the shipowner.
Shipper: Person or company which ships goods; consignor, exporter
Shipping Company: Company which owns, or charters, transport ships, offering spaces on such ships for the carriage of goods.
Shipping Conference: An association of shipping companies who have an agreement to establish freight rates and to rationalise sailing’s on a regular and adequate basis to service particular ports.
Short Delivery: The quantity of cargo delivered is less than the Bill of Lading quantity.
Short Landed: The quantity of cargo delivered is less than the Bill of Lading quantity.
Short Shipment: When the full amount intended to be shipped, has not been shipped.
SHP Shaft horse power
Sk Sack
SLAC Shippers load and count
Sld. Sailed
Slot Charter: A term used to denote a part charter arrangement whereby one container consortia has the use of an agreed number of slots on vessels owned by another container consortia.
Slot: Is the space in a cellular container vessel which can be taken up by one standard I.S.O. twenty food container used as a mathematical unit for allocation purposes.
SMART Sydney Maritime Arbitration Rules and Terms
Snow Shooting: A method of refrigerating goods in an insulated container by blowing CO2 through the top vent in the container under pressure which takes the form of ‘snow’.
SO Seller’s option
Sparred: Describes a system of packing hollow-ware cargo whereby wooden supports hold the goods rigid during handling.
SPARTECA South Pacific Regional Trade and Economic Cooperation Agreement
Specific Performance: The remedy south by a plaintiff who, instead of damages for a breach of contract, seeks the enforcement of the terms of the contract.
SS Steam Ship
STC Said To Contain
Std Standard
Stg. Sterling
Stoppage in Transit: Right of a seller to give instruction to a carrier or other bailee to withhold delivery to the buyer, usually due to non-payment for the goods.
Straddle Carrier / Car: A vehicle specially constructed to lift and move containers in a dock area or container terminal area. 
Strd. Stranded
Stuffing: Placing goods into a container.
Subrogation: The right enjoyed by an underwriter to take over the rights and remedies available to an assured, following payment of a claim on the policy, in order to recover up to the amount of the claim from another party who was responsible for the loss.
SV Sailing Vessel
SW Shipper’s weights
SWG Standard wire gauge
SWL Safe Working Load
Syn. Syndicate 
T Tonne(s)
T/O Transfer order
T/S Transhipment
Tailgate – inspection An inspection by Quarantine of an FCL container. Checking for any quarantine matter prior to delivery.
Tanker Container: A tank in a standard ISO 20 ft. by 8 ft. by 8ft 6in. (about 6m by 2.4m by 2.5m) frame, designed to be carried on board container vessels.
Tanktainer: A cylindrically shaped container intended for transport of liquid cargo.
Tare: The weight of a container, box or other carrier of goods when empty.
TB Trial Balance
TBA To be advised
TBL Through Transport B/L
TCO Tariff Concession Order
TEU Twenty Food Equivalent Unit (shipping container)
TGB Tongued, grooved and beaded
Through Bill of Lading: Bill of Lading covering receipt of goods at the place of acceptance of the cargo for delivery to the ultimate destination, embracing transport by more than one means.
Through Transport: Extension of normal port to port services, where, by use of combined transport, the shipping contract includes pickup of goods at exporter’s warehouse and delivery to consignee’s address in foreign country.
TL Total loss
TLO Total loss only
TML Trade Modernisation Legislation
Tr. Trustee
Trade Ullage: Natural loss to cargo (e.g. evaporation).
Trans-shipment: The act of transferring goods from one vessel to another or from one conveyance to another, including periods at transhipping ports or places.
TT Telegraphic transfer
Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit (TEU): Standard ISO container measuring 20 ft by 8 ft by 8ft 6in (about 6m x 2.4m x 2.5m)
U/A Underwriting account
UK United Kingdom
ULD Unit Load Device-Airfreight Container
UN United Nations
UNCITRALUM Commission on International Trade Law
UNCTAD UN Conference on Trade and Development
UNESCO UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation
UV Ultra-violet
V Volts
Value for Duty: Value at which goods would pay duty – if ad valorem. Goods have VFD even if duty is not payable.
VAT Value Added Tax
Vd. Valued
VFD Value for duty (Customs)
Vol Volume
W Watts
w.p. Without prejudice, Weather permitting
w.p.p. Waterproof paper packing
W/d Warranted
W/M Weight and/or Measurement
Warranty: An undertaking by one party to contract agreeing to abide by certain conditions required by the other party in relation to performance of the contract (e.g. warranty of seaworthiness, whereby the shipowner agrees to provide a seaworthy vessel to carry the goods specified in a contract of affreightment.)
WFTU World Federation of Trade Unions
Wharfage: The charges made for the use of a wharf, usually levied on the cargo owner.
WHO World Health Organization
WIRD World Import Regulation Directory
WR Warehouse receipts
Wt. Weight
Wtd Warranted
WTO World Trade Organisation
YAR York Antwerp Rules (General Average)
York-Antwerp Rules: A set of internationally accepted rules for application to general average circumstances. Most contract of affreightment provides for general average to be adjusted in accordance with their rules. In the absence of such agreement adjustment is made in accordance with the law of the place where the adventure is terminated.